5 Motorcycle Safety Tips For New Riders
Below are the summary scientific researches, experiences and knowledge from technical and safety riding experts.
1. Understand the “body” and “character” of the vehicle
Each type of motorcycle has its own technical structure and operating feature with particular advantages and disadvantages which require riders’ understanding in motorcycle structures and various operating skills.
The ability to combine the throttle, the brake and changing gear smoothly is very important.
Cruisers and scooters are usually heavier than normal motorcycles that are why the safest way to make a turn is to lean your body accordingly to the vehicle’s balance (only using your hand to control the motorcycle is not recommended because you can easily be thrown out).
The most recommended speed when making a turn for a sport bike is between 40 to 60 km/h.
Sport bikes are often lighter with aerodynamic design and traction tires so cornering from 45 degrees to 60 degrees is possible (keep in mind that the most recommended speed when making a turn for these types of bike is from 46-60 km/h).
On the other hand, embrayage and cruiser cannot corner as narrow as sport bike. To be safe, riders should make a wider turn and the narrower the turn, the lower the speed should be adjusted (avoid steering with high speed, try to maintain the vehicle’s balance, do not shake the steer).
All types of motorcycle riding have one thing in common in safety riding which is the rider has to be able to work both front brake and rear brake together well in any situations or road conditions. When using the brake, you need to adjust both of the brakes slowly and patiently, absolutely not squeeze the brakes.
2. Improve the “blind” spot on your mirror
According to Vietnamese safety riding experts, motorcycle’s mirrors also have “blind” spot like car’s, which is some certain spots on the mirror will not allow the riders to see anything behind or near their position. That is the reason why in some situations when safety is not secured, riders are suggested to turn around to observe with their own eyes so as to locate others vehicles in the hidden zone.
However, there is one thing should be noticed when doing that, only turn your head around just enough to see, you must not turn your whole body or even your shoulder around because that can easily affect your steers and change the current direction of the vehicle, at the same time break the balance and endanger yourself as well as others.
3. Always stay alerted for accurate vision
Focus on observing and riding is the most important feature in safety riding.
Good concentration means observing the entire area ahead of you or even around you, do not look for unrelated things, also you should not keep looking at one certain point for more than 2 seconds.
Let’s take a look at one random example, when making a left turn at a 2 way street, you will need to focus your observation on at least 10 different points (counting from left to right): pedestrians crossing the street, vehicles going opposite direction, vehicles going the same direction before you, one vehicle on the right trying to make a left turn, pets or kids walking on the sidewalk, traffic lights, traffic signs, 2 different images on 2 mirrors and so on.
If that doesn’t sound exhausted enough, try to imagine all that occurring at night. At this point, the driver needs to focus even more due to a limited view. Unfortunately, there will be higher risks since factors such as the headlight isn’t able to light clearly what’s ahead of you or other vehicles cannot see you from afar.
Therefore, you need to make yourself visible to other vehicles no matter what like wearing a bright color outfit, use the honk to warn the surroundings when the view is limited, do not ride behind cars and do not go the same speed with other vehicles while being in their mirrors’ “blind” spot.
Always activate signal indicators, observe carefully everything around and in the mirrors and their “blind” spots before making a turn. Besides that, you must absolutely stay away from trucks carrying materials, goods and so on because there can be a chance that those are not tied tightly enough and they may fall right at you and your motorcycle.
4. Do not try to pass
If safety riding codes are not yet assured, you are advised not to overtake other vehicles. According to safety riding experts, you can only overtake when the vehicles going opposite directions are far away and the “no overtaking” sign is not there, even the road and traffic conditions around the vehicle that you want to overtake needs to be secured.
For motorcycles, the riders should lower the gear before overtaking so as to increase the vehicle’s passing speed, and when you have already passed the other vehicle, change to a higher gear to prevent hurting the engine.
One more thing should be noticed is that before overtaking any vehicle, you need to make sure that the one behind you isn’t trying to pass you or thinking of overtaking you to avoid parallel overtaking which is quite dangerous.
More importantly, do not try to pass unless the vehicle in front of you allowed you to. Always keep a safe distance before, after and while overtaking a vehicle.
5. Motorcycle safety braking tips
The front brake is considered to be the main brake of a motorcycle. Depending on the road surface, temperature and traction, the way to handle the brake is different as well as when making a turn.
An experienced racer always feels their brakes before going into a decision of using it.
Another irreplaceable factor is tires. Riders need to understand their vehicle’s tires as well as each terrain’s suitable type of tires. Therefore, exclude standard principles; riders also need to learn more about identifying the road’s surface and quality.